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PLA Filament: Strength, Temperature, and Benefits [2020]

PLA filament is one of the most common materials used for 3D printing. So, what exactly is PLA?

This filament is so widely used because of its adaptability for a wide range of applications, and it comes in an equally diverse range of composites, shades, and styles. In this article, we’ll dive into the specifics of this 3D printing material, including its benefits and main uses.

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What is PLA?

PLA filament stands for polylactic acid. It is typically opaque and has a glossy finish. This filament is so popular because it is able to print complex features, easy to print with a standard configuration, and its lower price point makes it more accessible. This is a great material to start with if you are a beginner.

A benefit is that it is biodegradable and consists of renewable raw materials. This means that it is sustainable, made from organic sources and thermoplastic.

PLA filament requires proper care and maintenance because it can be a bit delicate. PLA absorbs water easily, which means that over time it can become brittle if it is stored in a humid environment. It can also easily melt if too much heat is applied to it.

PLA Strength

The common properties of this filament are the following:

  • Tensile strength is 37 Mpa
  • The elongation is about 6%
  • The flexural modulus is 4 GPa
  • The density is 1.3 g/cm3
  • The melting point is 173Cº and glass transition temperature is 60º

Common Uses for PLA Filament

PLA filament is commonly used to create complex parts and details, including corners, sharp parts, and extremely small pieces. This is why it is frequently used for creating architectural mockups, aesthetic and concept models, and casting molds. Depending on the quality settings of the print, layers might still be visible after every print.

In general, this material is very popular for prototyping. Because it is at a lower price point than most other filaments, manufacturers and developers are able to test out different prototypes without a huge investment. It is also biodegradable, which means you can lower your impact on the environment.

PLA Filament: Prototyping

Advantages of PLA Filament

The main advantages of PLA filament are that it can be used in desktop 3D printers, it is easy to print with low temperatures, and it works with almost all types of adhesives, including cyanoacrylate and special plastic adhesives. Remember to not use hot adhesives with PLA, so as not to melt the filament.

PLA is also fairly easy to paint, but you must use a primer, as it is plastic. It is the most commonly used material to print when someone wants to paint the model afterwards.

Pros and Cons

Pros:

  • Great for beginners
  • Lower price point
  • Works well for complex prints
  • Great for prototyping

Cons:

  • Can be sensitive to heat
  • Brittle
  • Inflexible compared to other filaments

Overall, PLA filament is one of the best filaments to work with: it is not sensitive to temperature changes, has a great surface quality, and is ideal for printing complex features.

PLA Filament: How to Choose a Professional Desktop 3D Printer

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